Liquid Architecture

Investigations: Eavesdropping Polythinking Ritual Community Music Why Listen?

For the past 20 years, Liquid Architecture has been Australia’s leading organisation for artists working with sound and listening. LA investigates the sounds themselves, but also the ideas communicated about, and the meaning of, sound and listening.

Our program stages encounters and creates spaces for sonic experience, and critical reflection on sonority and systems of sonic affect. To do this, we host experiences at the intersection of contemporary art and experimental music, supporting artists to produce performances and concerts, exhibitions, talks, reading groups, workshops and recordings in art spaces, music venues and other sites.

Liquid Architecture is curatorially driven and our methodology embraces research, collaborations and imaginations. We want to echo beyond local conversations, problems, debates and questions, to reverberate across media and disciplines, and so to sound out new discourses about the audible world, and beyond.

We acknowledge Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people as the sovereign owners of the country where we live and work, and recognise that sovereignty has not been ceded. We pay our respects to their Elders, past, present and emerging.


Georgia Hutchison

GEORGIA HUTCHISON is a cultural development practitioner and arts executive in Naarm/Melbourne, working with Liquid Architecture since 2017. Her practice as an artist, educator, organiser and strategist crosses contemporary art, music, design and social justice. Previous to LA’s prolific international program, she has independently worked with partners including Asialink Arts, National Association for the Visual Arts, MONA, RMIT University, U-P, Molonglo Group.
Joel Stern

JOEL STERN is a curator, researcher, and artist living and working on Wurundjeri land in Melbourne, Australia. Stern’s work deals with a range of issues, themes and questions connected with theories and practises of sound and listening. Interests include: sound, power and control; covert listening and panacoustic surveillance; polyphony as social practice; experimental music and community ritual; speech, voice, subjectivity; eavesdropping and ventriloquism; techno-politics of machine listening; rhetorics of nonsense and bullshit; pandemic soundscapes; acoustic justice; silence as testimony; post, trans, and non-human listening. Since 2013, Stern has been Artistic Director at Liquid Archi­tec­ture, a leading Aus­tralian organ­i­sa­tion that creates spaces for sonic expe­ri­ence and crit­i­cal listening at the inter­sec­tion of con­tem­po­rary art and exper­i­men­tal music. In this capacity he has been responsible for hundreds of festivals, symposia, exhibitions, concerts and publications realised in Australia and internationally, with collaborators ranging from major museums and institutions through to community organisations and artist-led initiatives. In addition to Liquid Architecture, Stern has led numerous independent organisations including: Oth­er­Film, a col­lec­tive working with artists moving image and the legacy of avant-garde cinema; and Instrument Builders Project, a workshop, residency, exhibition series featuring artists, musicians and craftspeople from across Australia and Asia. In 2018, with critical legal scholar James Parker, Stern curated Eavesdropping, an expansive project connecting Liquid Archi­tec­ture, Mel­bourne Law School, Ian Potter Museum of Art, and City Gallery Wellington, which comprised exhis­bi­tions, public pro­grams, work­ing groups, tour­s, and a publication, addressing the ‘pol­i­tics of lis­ten­ing’ through work by artists, researchers, writ­ers, detainees and activists from Aus­tralia and around the world. Stern’s PhD thesis ‘Eavesdropping: The Politics, Ethics, and Art of Listening’ was completed through the Cura­to­r­ial Prac­tice program at Monash University, where he also teaches on sonic art.
Debris Facility

DEBRIS FACILITY PTY LTD is a queer Corporate Entity which entangles itself with Bodies, Complicating their Borders with Haptic Interfaces. Wearables act as Extensions to broader installation practices, and move Parasitically with their Hosts through Differing Terrains. The Transmutation of Industrial Materials into Situations, Installations and jewellery Implicates our Consumption within global Supply Chains, highlighting Transitory processes and Exchanges.
Alisa Blakeney

ALISA BLAKENEY is a curator from Western Australia. She has presented exhibitions and projects at Taipei Artist Village, Stedelijk Museum, De Appel, Tate Modern, Goldsmiths, Paper Mountain, and Bunbury Regional Art Gallery.
Liang Luscombe

LIANG LUSCOMBE is a Naarm/Melbourne-based visual artist whose practice encompasses painting, sculpture and moving image that engage in a process of generative questioning of how media and film affect audiences. She has contributed essays and reviews for numerous publications and cultural institutions such as Artlink, Raven, Discipline, un Magazine, Art Collector Magazine, Runway Journal, West Space Journal and Monash University Museum of Art. She has been included in screenings at Liquid Architecture, Melbourne; OpenTV, Chicago; Comfort Station, Chicago; and Vehicle, NYC. She has undertaken residencies at Chicago Artist Coalition’s HATCH residency program, Chicago, 2019; SOMA Summer, Mexico City, 2018; Australia Council Studio, British School at Rome, 2013; and Perth Institute of Contemporary Art Studio Residency, Perth, 2011. Recent solo exhibitions include: Itchy IOUs, 2021, recess, Melbourne; Sweaty Scales, Metro Arts, Brisbane, 2020; Sweaty Scales, Sutton Gallery, Melbourne, 2019; She inches glass to break, VCUarts MFA Thesis Exhibition, Richmond, 2018; Table Talk, Box Copy, Brisbane, 2016; A Tall Painter, Yarra Flats, Melbourne, 2016; Three Sailors, Sutton Project Space, Melbourne, 2014; Non in Casa, 157 Blyth St, Melbourne, 2013.


Danni Zuvela
Mathew Spisbah
Autumn Royal
Edward Beaver
Elena Betros
Clare Cooper
Asher Elazary
Nathan Gray
Jason Heller
Anabelle Lacroix
Paris Lettau
Sarah McCauley
Petina McLaughlin
Dr James Parker
Mino Peric
Anatol Pitt
Jessica Row
Emily Siddons
Sezzo Snot
Beth Sometimes
Cara Stewart
Darcy Wedd
Makeda Zucco
Ece Yavuz
Henry Pyne
Hannah Wu
Mara Schwerdtfeger


Jennifer Barry
JENNIFER BARRY is a creative professional with over 25 years' experience leading arts organisations, managing creative projects, devising public programs, and producing the work of artists, nationally and internationally. She has held a range of leadership positions including Footscray Community Arts Centre (Director/CEO), Shunpike (Executive Director /USA), Chunky Move (Executive Producer/Co-CEO), Federation Square (Manager, Public Programs), the Australian Institute of Arts Management (Executive Director), and the Arts Management Advisory Group of Victoria (Executive Director). As a consultant and project manager, she has worked with all levels of government, and numerous organisations, undertaking strategic planning, conducting stakeholder engagement, and managing business development initiatives. Clients have included the Australia Council for the Arts, Arts Victoria (now Creative Victoria), the City of Melbourne, the Australian Art Orchestra, the Australian Network for Art and Technology, and the Royal Children's Hospital, among many others. Jennifer has served on numerous not-for-profit boards and advisory committees.
Naomi Velaphi
NAOMI VELAPHI is an arts producer and programmer interested in contemporary, interdisciplinary arts practice. She is currently the Program Producer for the Australian Performing Arts Market (APAM) and also has an independent practice with a strong commitment to working with culturally diverse artists. She has held producing roles both independently and for a number of arts institutions including Arts Centre Melbourne, Arts House, Koorie Heritage Trust and the Abbotsford Convent. Naomi has over 10 years of experience in the industry and has worked across all facets of arts production including, curation, funding and budget management and audience development. She is currently a part of the Australia Council Arts Leadership Program, holds a Masters of Arts and Cultural Management from the University of Melbourne and holds a Bachelor of Arts (Communications) from Curtin University.
Kristen Smith
KRISTEN SMITH is a non-practicing lawyer with over a decade of experience focused on large scale commercial litigation and class actions. She currently works as an Investment Manager for international litigation financier, Omni Bridgeway, having previously worked for Slater and Gordon in their Commercial and Project Litigation team. She has also worked at Dundas & Wilson (now CMS) in Scotland and as an Associate to the Supreme Court of Victoria’s Associate Justice Efthim. In 2004, she was awarded the Victoria Law Foundation Chief Justice’s Medal for Excellence and Community Service. She has previously served on the boards of the Australian Communities Foundation and the EastWeb foundation and is currently Vice President of the Melbourne Electronic Sound Studio (MESS) board.
Mark Nolen
MARK NOLEN is a Certified Practising Accountant with extensive experience in the creative industries sector. He is currently Management Accountant at the Australian Centre of the Moving Image, having previously worked in a similar role at Film Victoria. Along the way he has helped countless singers, actors and even clowns get their taxes in order – no laughing matter! When not crunching numbers, you can find Mark sitting back with a fine drop of Scottish Whisky soaking up some even finer tunes.
David Chesworth
DAVID CHESWORTH is an artist and composer, known for his experimental, and at times minimalist music, who has worked with electronics, contemporary ensembles, film, theatre and experimental opera. Together with Sonia Leber, Chesworth has created installation artworks using sound, video, architecture and public participation. Exhibitions include ‘56th Venice Biennale (2015), ‘19th Biennale of Sydney (2014), and ‘Melbourne Now’, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne (2013-14). Festivals featuring Chesworth’s music and sound works include Ars Electronica, Festival D’Automne de Paris, Bang on a Can Marathon, New York, Sydney Biennale, Adelaide and Melbourne Festivals and MONA FOMA. Early in his career he was co-founder of post-punk band Essendon Airport and for five years was coordinator of the Clifton Hill Community Music Centre in Melbourne. David Chesworth joined the Liquid Architecture Board in 2015.
Hannah Fox
HANNAH FOX is an artist, curator and creative producer working in the fields of sound, public art, contemporary music and live art. She founded creative partnership Supple Fox, delivered four years of programs as Artistic Associate for Contemporary Music at Melbourne Festival, and was Associate Creative Director of Mona’s winter festival Dark Mofo. In July 2019, along with Gideon Obarzanek, Hannah was appointed as Director and joint CEO of Rising – the newly remodelled and launched festival for Melbourne. Her tenure extends from 2020 till 2023. In parallel to her curatorial endeavours, Hannah has ventured into developing her own artistic practice in collaboration with artist Byron J Scullin and Thomas Supple. In June 2017, the group presented Siren Song: a large-scale, outdoor sonic artwork that fills the skies of a city, which continues to be remounted in cities around the world.
Michael Graeve
MICHAEL GRAEVE is a Castlemaine-based visual and sound artist. Working from easel painting through installation to sound performance, he engages painting and sound art practices in dialogue, extending frameworks for their creation and reading, and creating oscillations of conjunctive and disjunctive relations. He exhibits and performs internationally and has held over 25 solo exhibitions. His work has been reviewed in Artforum International, Eyeline, Real Time and Art/Text as well as in books by Ros Bandt and Caleb Kelly. He is a senior lecturer at RMIT University and holds a PhD. He was a Samstag scholar studying at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, and has been awarded residencies in Vienna and New York. Michael has been a board member of Liquid Architecture Sound Inc since 2007, and was previously a board member and program manager at West Space Inc and a founding committee member of Grey Area Art Space Inc.
Monica Lim
MONICA LIM oversees Fame Agenda, a casual women’s retail brand with presence in various department stores in Indonesia. With her husband, Konfir Kabo, she runs a portfolio of fuel retail sites across Australia, and is co-founder of Project Eleven: a philanthropic initiative supporting contemporary art projects with a focus on new commissions and cross-cultural projects. She previously practiced as a Tax Consultant at HLB Mann Judd and as Tax Manager at Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu between 2000-2006. Monica is a classical pianist with an interest in experimental and multidisciplinary forms of expression, and is completing her degree in Interactive Composition at the University of Melbourne. She has produced work for White Night, Melbourne Fringe and Arts Centre Melbourne and is working on projects for Arts House, Multicultural Arts Victoria, Ensemble Offspring and Ars Musica, Brussels. She currently sits on the Events Committee for the Melbourne Recital Centre. She has two sons, aged 14 and 16.
Andy Miller
ANDY MILLER currently works as the General Manager of Multicultural Arts Victoria. Initially trained as a painter at the Canberra School of Art, Andy Miller worked in theatre for a number of years before working to establish arts programs in the community sector. Following a few years as an arts and cultural officer at two local governments, Andy began a career in the state public service in various senior roles at Arts Victoria and Creative Victoria and was seconded for a period with Creative Partnerships Australia, as Senior Programs Manager. As well as a Bachelor in Fine Arts, he has a Masters in Public Policy and a Graduate Diploma in Arts Management from the University of Melbourne.


Atong Atem
Martina Capurso
Bridget Chappell
Charlie Freedman
Keelan O’Hehir
Paul Mylecharane and Matt Lenz (Public Office)
Benjamin Portas
Jacqui Shelton
Lauren Squire


We welcome conversation, ideas and feedback at any time.

104/35 Johnston Street
Collingwood VIC 3066

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Entering Tone: Liquid Architecture in Taiwan

Entering Tone opens a space where shifting meanings are embedded in a sound.
Tainan, Taichung, Taipei
(Ritual Community Music)

This is our organisation’s second visit to Taiwan. Our first, in 2016, was a vastly informative research trip. In that trip, through meeting artists, musicians, curators and organisers in Taipei, Tainan and Taichung, we learned much – and also learned how little we knew.

In 2017, we attempt to apply an open, experimental methodology to the practice of international touring – establishing deeper collaborations between our 5 artists and our Taiwanese colleagues; extending and embedding our engagement locally with pedagogy as well as affect; rejecting the distinction between thinking and making; and generating formal and informal opportunities for interventions in social space. Above all, we are “making listening”, as much as we are “making sound”, as we seek to enhance our capacity to perceive subtle tonalities – even if we do not fully understand them – as we tour Taiwan together.

entering tone

Most Western languages, including English, are atonal. This is not to say that English does not have tones – schematics for different emphases of pitch – but rather that, in English, tonality is not a defining characteristic of the pronunciation of each word.  Spoken Chinese, on the other hand, cannot not be tonal (or, be monotonal), since the pronunciation of each syllable is fundamental to the production of meaning when the language is spoken.

The ‘entering tone’ is one of the four major tones of spoken Chinese dialects. Having disappeared from mainland Mandarin, it is one of the distinctive markers of the Taiwanese language. Not a phonetic tone in the sense of pitch relationships, the entering tone denotes a syllable that ends with a glottal stop, the occlusion of airflow in the vocal tract.

The symbol of the glottal stop in the International Phonetic Alphabet. Source: Wikipedia

To English-speaking mouths and English-hearing ears, the entering tone’s plosive stop is, generally, so unfamiliar and so rare as to be eventful; perhaps this is even coded into the mock-gulp of its widely used example of the glottal stop in the English usage, the foreboding exclamation, ‘uh-oh’.

We choose to title our tour Entering Tone because it offers us a way of thinking not about sound, but with sound. For what we are hearing, in the rapid, controlled closure of the throat that produces this tone, is the sound of the sudden shutting off of sound. The throat closes, but the entering tone opens a space where shifting meanings are embedded in a sound.

It is a sonic object that is also a critical absence. With its multiple identity as political actor, strange interjector and silent presenter, the entering tone for us represents a small but vibrant space for engaged listening.

This is Liquid Architecture’s second visit to Taiwan. Our first, in 2016, was a vastly informative research trip. In the course of that visit, meeting artists, musicians, curators and organisers in Taipei, Tainan and Taichung, we learned much – and also learned how little we knew. Through that experience, ongoing conversations, dialogue, and research, and by placing our own assumptions and actions under examination, we have come to view our own position with greater circumspection. The occasion of this major international tour provides us with both cause and opportunity to reflect on the deeper context for our artistic activities, and question the structures within which we, as curators and artists, are positioned and which frame – which is not to say determine – our motivations and actions.

For example, on our first trip to Taiwan, we were initially slightly taken aback by hearing ourselves described as Westerners. The reason for our surprise, we came to realise, is that discourses of ‘East’ and ‘West’ are rarely heard today in Australia, by radicals, at least (unlike another term we heard a lot in Taiwan, ‘‘foreigner’, which is more commonly used in Australia). The differences in usage gave us cause for reflection. Might this be due to the historic centrality of these terms in the historic measurement of relative proximity – or otherwise – to the ‘centre’ of Western Europe, and the continued necessity of the project of repudiating the legitimacy of this imperial dynamic and its legacy in Australia’s history of violent settler colonialism?

Our expanded capacity to grasp and appreciate the ongoing relevance of the designation ‘Western’ for us, as Australians, coming to Taiwan, stems from our experiences in Taiwan in 2016. From our dialogue with Taiwanese artists and thinkers that flowed from that first contact, particularly the conversations with Hong-Kai Wang, we came to understand something of the significance and currency of this designation for non-Westerners, and appreciate the impact its foregrounding in the discourses of de-imperialisation and subaltern studies. To counter complacency about the East-West relationship, a certain openness of attitude is required. We realise that a preparedness to acknowledge and revise long-held preconceptions, to allow ourselves to be genuinely changed by our experiences with non-Western people – in short, a willingness to listen and to learn – must continue to accompany us on tour, as it did during the research trip.

This is the first international tour organised and generated by Liquid Architecture. The considerable privilege of being an experimental organisation able to tour multiple artists internationally comes with the responsibility to recognise that privilege, and a duty, in exercising it, to explore and identify practical alternatives to the well-worked formulae generated by neoliberal agendas globally, as they ‘trickle down’ to forms of cultural expression.

The international tour – that mainstay of experimental and conventional music practice alike – is, as a form, not unproblematic. What is normally foreclosed by the act of touring? What else might a tour, as a concatenation of events planned and unplanned, allow?

In its usual form – a string of appearances separated and defined by time and geography – the tour is a series of fleeting engagements. The logistics of scheduling dictate a tight window for engagement with each city, often limited to the recruitment of local support acts. Furthermore, the tour itself is based on a presupposition that the work is inherently worth listening to, a presumption which serves to compound the colonialist echoes which would inhere in any incoming venture consisting of a one-way, top-down dispatch of predominantly white – Western – culture.

The consideration we have given these matters has helped give shape to Liquid Architecture’s 2017 tour.

To mitigate the insubstantiality of the tour form, and attempt to generate opportunities for social solidarity with communities in Taiwan, the tour proceeds from two strategies devised to embed our practice locally. The first is the extension of the tour format to encompass a social program between our artists and Taiwanese counterparts which precedes our formal tour, and whose aim is to establish conditions conducive to mutual discovery and respectful collaboration.

The second is the equal importance given to discursive, critical and pedagogical activities as to live performances throughout the Entering Tone artistic program. These activities include the Symposium at the Taiwan National Museum of Art (November 24); the Social Sound Houses in Tainan (November 26) and Taipei (November 29); and the Political Listening talk in Taipei, which together offer a kind of alternative curricula, in the form of the affective pedagogy of workshops, talks, and sharing social space. From formal discursive platforms to free-wheeling interventions, these events are aimed at the possibility of constructing social solidarity via exchange and collective listening.

We have attempted to collaborate on every aspect of this tour, from the fluid and dynamic collaborative decision-making process of the co-curation of the artistic program for each event, to establishing flows of discussion between artists, to the program catalogue you are holding in your hands right now (or, post-facto, reading online). Our idea of active listening has necessitated, wherever and however possible, the amplification of Taiwanese voices, in the language of their choice.

We haven’t been able to get beyond or resolve the issues of the tour format as a string of brief interactions predicated on too-short, resource-limited engagements – and we were not, in fact, able to collaborate on everything. The Australian artists, for logistical reasons, were curated long ago, leaving little room for Taiwanese input on our choice of cohort. We chose our artists carefully to reflect the depth, heterogeneity and talent of Australian contemporary sound art practice – but in so doing, we did forfeit the chance for full co-authorship, which remains a hoped-for possibility for the future.

What we have done instead, we hope, is bring together what we believe to be a the most vital curated cross-section of contemporary Australian sound and listening practice. Andrew McLellan, Clare Cooper, Jannah Quill, Nathan Gray and Rainbow Chan represent some of the most interesting critical artists working in sound in Australia today, and their multiple talents enable us to collectively create the richest possible conditions for dialogue and listening into which to invite the Taiwanese audience.


Liquid Architecture’s interest in Taiwan was sparked, in part, by an article we encountered, in 2013, about Hong-Kai Wang’s critical listening practice. We invited Hong-Kai to Australia in 2014, where the residency she undertook underscored for us the importance of being together in the space of cultural production. Our continued dialogue and friendship with Hong-Kai led to her generous facilitation of our research in Taipei in 2016, and we are grateful for the many connections, and many more rigorous conversations provided so generously by Hong-Kai, and honoured by Hong-Kai’s acceptance of our offer to open our Practising Sound, Individually and Collectively Symposium.

We were impressed by our 2016 encounter with the depth of Amy Cheng and Jeph Lo’s research and curatorial intelligence, and are honoured that Jeph will present some of his ideas in his keynote lecture at the Symposium. We are grateful to Acid House and Lacking Sound, artist-run collectives from whom we learned in 2016 about the questions and practices they pursue as agents of critical sound and listening, and with whom in 2017 we are experimenting with the creation of collective social space. And we formally begin our tour in the city of Tainan, where our partner Ting Shuo Hear Say, Alice Hui-Sheng Chang and Nigel Brown, instrumental in facilitating this and our previous visit, have enabled us to open our program with an offering of communion and collective ritual.

Finally, that article about Hong-Kai Wang, by our good friend Mattin, that first sparked our interest in working with artists from Taiwan, was published in White Fungus, and so it feels somewhat fitting that White Fungus are our co-producers of this publication and the SUBLATE event (2-3 December), the grand finale of the ENTERING TONE tour. That essay, and Ron Hanson’s article about the Taiwanese sound scene in that same edition (WF13), enlarged our curiosity to the point of wondering whether a Taiwanese tour might, in fact, be possible. It is a pleasure to collaborate with a publication that has provided so much knowledge and enjoyment to us and readers interested in experimental music and art the world over. We are grateful to Ron and Mark Hanson for extending the characteristic WF openness, energy, insight and vision into the realisation of this collaboration with us.

We are excited about the discursive and performance activities we have planned for ENTERING TONE, and while we don’t know exactly what will transpire across our program of talks, performances and workshops, we can relinquish the need to know, because we know that whatever happens, the awareness we will be generating means we won’t be unchanged.

Curated by Danni Zuvela with Anabelle Lacroix and Betty Apple



Betty Apple

desecrating the imaginary historical burden and false symbols of race and history

Hong-Kai Wang

A political space is often opened where contradictions and complex relations occur. Rather than constructing a biography that illustrates, it seems more interesting to explore a political history of an artist’s friendship with his collaborators and interlocutors, including myself.

Acid House

Acid House are an experimental collective based in New Taipei City. Their work encompasses music, performances and experimental conversations within a communal setting.

Al Burro

toiling in industrial warehouses, lazing in ambient fields

Andrew McLellan

rather than being slowed down by your brain needing to figure out how to say the words first.


Berserk is a noise project initiated by Jared Xu

Chun Yin Rainbow Chan

The fake as a complex sign that shapes new myths, values and contemporary commodity production.

Clare Cooper

Healing through improvised harp and open heart


A seminal figure in the second wave of the Taiwanese noise movement during the late-1990s

Hsu Chieh

Male, born in 1990, 181cm, Gemini, blood type A.
Interests: shopping, karaoke, dance, watching movies.

Jannah Quill

ordinary digital interfaces and technological machines as materials to generate new experiences reinterpreted from the intended consumer use of the digitally banal

Jeph Lo


Kai-Cheng Dai

performance maker, spatial designer, translator, interpreter and cultural tour guide

Kaya Hanasaki

Kaya Hanasaki is an artist born in Tokyo, who’s practice responds to contemporary social issues with performance, installation, workshop and media

Lacking Sound Festival

not a festival per se; rather, LSF is a regular sound performance event taking place in Taipei.

Lonely God

Lonely God is a label/collective based in Taipei.

Nathan Gray

Artist Nathan Gray’s recent works use voice as their medium, taking form as lecture-performances, radio-plays and documentaries, DJ sets, narrative and rumour.

Shi Chao Lai

“none to form as form to none”


Tesla coil, home-made electronic instruments and a motion controller, modifying both the sound and light through space and time


a space to promote the creation, exhibition, performance and renovation of experimental audio art in Taipei

Ting Shuo Hear Say

performance venue, sound studio and listening gallery based in Tainan

Tzu Ni

an exploration of the reciprocally constructed connections between analogue sound and refracted light.

White Fungus

White Fungus is an international art magazine and project based in Taichung City, Taiwan


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